Efficient Nagios remote monitoring with SSH (version 2)
I never liked have to install agents for different tasks like Backups or monitoring. I think that is always enough with SSH. In this post I will introduce some concepts that I am using as an alternative to the NRPE for nagios.
Time ago I explained how to setup SSH for remote monitor servers in Nagios, using the ControlMaster feature to reuse the connection.
In that post I was using runit to keep the connections alive.
But in OpenSSH 5.6 a new feature has been released:
- Added a ControlPersist option to ssh_config(5) that automatically starts a background ssh(1) multiplex master when connecting. This connection can stay alive indefinitely, or can be set to automatically close after a user-specified duration of inactivity.
And this is COOL! We can just use some options in the checkbyssh plugin to automatically create the session. The options are:
-i /etc/nagios/nagiosssh.id_rsa: Private ssh key generated with ssh-keygen.
-o ControlMaster=auto: Create the control master socket automatically
-o ControlPersist=yes: Enable Control persist. It will spam a ssh process in background that will keep the connection (can be stopped with -O exit)
-o ControlPath=/var/run/nagiosssh/$HOSTNAME$: Path to the control socket. We can create a dir in /var/run/nagiosssh.
-l nagiosssh -H $HOSTNAME$: User and host were we are connecting.
So, the command definition can be:
command_line $USER1$/check_by_ssh \
-o ControlMaster=auto \
-o ControlPath=/var/run/nagios/$HOSTNAME$ \
-o ControlPersist=yes \
-i $USER6$ -H $HOSTADDRESS$ -l $USER5$ \
'check_users -w $ARG1$ -c $ARG2$'
Note: You have to define the USER variables in resources.cfg.
Then we only need to create the proper user in the remote host. To improve the security, you can:
1. Create the user 'nagiosssh' with shell=/home/nagiosssh/rbash 2. Create a script /home/nagiosssh/rbash:
Restricted shell for the client.
Sets the path to checks
PATH=/home/icingassh/checks exec /bin/bash --restricted "$@"`
3. Create the directory /home/icingassh/checks and link here all the desired checks.
- Restrict the ssh connection setting options in .ssh/authorized_keys. For example:
no-agent-forwarding,no-port-forwarding,no-pty,no-X11-forwarding,from="10.10.10.10" ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1...
Maybe in some days I upload a chef recipe to setup this.